Why Broker??

Can someone please explain in brief what is a broker? and why should we go for a broker?

Actually we are not using broker now and there are many suggestions to use a broker.I need to prepare a document explaining what are the advantages of using a borker.I did not find any usefull info in advantage site which explains the advantages of using a broker.

Thanks a lot in advance


Perhaps it would be helpful if you provided a little more context for your question.

For what purpose is your organization considering using broker? From past posts it appears that you may be working with JMS and Websphere MQ. Are you being asked to compare webMethods Broker to those messaging technologies?


we have our design around Websphere MQ,Listener ,Listener Notifications and triggers.We are using the trigger retry capabilities.But after various disussions on this approach theres a question whether this approach supports very high volumes of messages and prevent any loss of messages.Our company is getting the license for broker and so wants to change the current design to use broker.So basically i want to evaluate what are the uses of the broker over the current approach.

I read the documentation but it is explaining how to use the broker etc stuff and i can only find this which is at a very high level.

webMethods Broker provides the high-speed messaging backbone for webMethods Fabric. It enables asynchronous, guaranteed message delivery and routing in a highly efficient, decoupled and scalable architecture. Using the webMethods Broker JMS interface, webMethods Broker can also act as a standalone JMS provider for users that require an enterprise-class, high-speed, standards-based messaging platform for delivering an event-driven architecture.

So want to know some general cases in which we go for usage of broker from WM Gurus.

wM Broker is more or less the functional and conceptual equivalent of Websphere MQ with the MQ Broker (MQ without the MQ Broker provides point-to-point communication; MQ Broker adds pub/sub). Swapping one out for the other is architecturally sound. The wM Pub/Sub Guide (in the doc/guides directory of your wm Developer installation) provides some good info.

Handling of message volume doesn’t seem to be a good reason to switch. They are pretty much equal in that regard (though I’m sure wM and IBM would take issue with that statement). Swapping out to save licensing/maintenance costs may be a good thing to do, but I’d venture to guess that MQ won’t go away and so the benefit of the switch becomes a bit more unclear.

IMO, based on the info provided, I think it would be a risky move to switch for next to no benefit. Would advise to keep the status quo at this point. But perhaps there is additional info that would indicate otherwise.

One advantage might be that it requires less work to trigger an IS Flow or java service upon arrival of a broker document than it does to either poll an MQ queue or process a notification document from a MQ polling adapter notification. There might be one fewer moving part with Broker rather than with an MQ adapter notification.

You also would not need to create services to convert MQ messages to IS documents.

Other than these relatively minor productivity advantages when invoking IS services upon receipt of Broker messages rather than MQ messages, I would agree with Rob that the two technologies are very similar and highly interchangeable.

Both offer a JMS API so that you can interact with their proprietary messaging technology using JMS.

Both are highly performant, highly reliable messaging technologies that can handle almost any enterprise class message oriented application.



I am still little bit confused about which one might be a better option.

Either MQ with Webmethods MQ Adapter (Lister,Ayncronous Notification and trigger).

or wmBroker.

We still dont have license to WM Broker(even training license) so unable to work with it.

We are looking at 2 things.
1.Scalability - Say if our Integration layer recives 100,000 messages in 1 or 2 minutes can our current design(MQ with MQ adapter) handle it as effectively as wmBroker. Will we have some advantages if we go for wm Broker taking horizantal scalability into account.

2.Loss of messages - In the current scenario after the Max Retry Limit of trigger is reached the Document is thrown away from Document Store.So we have designed a secondary file storage if this scenario arises.If wmBroker is used will the message be persisted and not thrown away.

From the Porduct documentation and wmBrokers Administration guide i could not come to a solid conclusion which one is better.


  1. This will depend greatly on your MQ setup and how you have your Queue Manager configured. What have your scalability tests shown you with your current set up? IMO, you won’t have advantages going with Broker over MQ. It’s your IS set up that will cause the bottleneck (IS is rather slow, relatively speaking), not Broker or MQ.

  2. The Max Retry Limit applies in both cases. After the retry limit is exceeded the message will be thrown away. This is a function of IS rather than Broker, though.

I’ll emphasize once again–MQ and Broker are essentially equivalent. Unless you’re going to drop MQ (and the licensing/maintenance fees ) I’d advise to not switch. You’ll spend time and effort getting back to the level of functionality you currently have for no real benefit.

Here’s an additional reason for staying with what you have: A single IS can connect to as many MQ Adapters/MQ Queue Managers as your system design needs. A single IS can connect to just 1 Broker, even if your system design would benefit from multiple connections.

Hi Good Morning all,

                   I am sandhya i need some information about WebSphere Message Broker. Can any one help in  plz.... Can u give me the site add

Hi Good Morning all,

I am sandhya i need some information about WebSphere Message Broker. Can any one help in plz… Can u give me the site add

What do you think might happen if you ran a Google search on “ibm websphere message broker”?

Hi ,

I went throuth googel i got some information by i need some more

Sorry “googel” was not much help. Why do you think the webMethods user community would be a good source of information for an IBM product?

Hi Sandhya!
Why dont you assist to IBM.com logon : IBM Message Broker Infocenter, its the honeydell for complete stuff on IBM MB.

All the Best!

One item most people miss is how MQ and Broker handle in-flight messages in an HA environment when a node goes down. MQ’s Active/Active configuration and Brokers Active/Passive configuration impact this.

While the Active/Active approach of MQ does help to load balance traffic accross multiple servers, it impacts the in-flight transactions when a node goes down. Because it is necessary to guarantee singularity of the message, an in-flight message that is ‘on’ an MQ node when it goes down will be retained on that node’s message store. It will not be picked up by the other node. The message can only be continued when the failed node is brought back up.

The Active/Passive Broker approach uses a ‘shared’ store so that if the Active node goes down the Passive node can become active and continue processing the messages in the shared store.

So if you want to guarantee messages both products will work, but if you want to also guarantee Service Level Agreements you’ll need to use Broker.

one advantage that might tilt the scales in favour of WebSphere MQ is that it is based on open JMS J2EE standards which is Industry standard and highly interoperable , while WmBroker is all propritery code.

In future WmBroker wants to go the J2EE way, but not yet

Not quite true. WS MQ existed long before JMS came around so to say it is based on “open J2EE standards” is not quite accurate.

Both are JMS providers.

Both use a proprietary implementation.

Both expose other, proprietary interfaces in addition to the JMS API.

JMS providers are NOT interoperable, let alone “highly” interoperable. If you avoid provider specific features, then you have a fighting chance of changing JMS providers but one JMS provider does NOT talk to another without a bridge/adapter (the spec is mum on provider to provider communication).

JMS defines an interface. It does not specify, in any way, how the implementation is to be done.

To answer some and clarify many of the misconceptions

To Say webMethods Broker is JMS based is not presenting the facts right
webMethods has a JMS Broker implementation which is rarely used. I havnt seen any , how many customers use it is another matter.

Point is Broker-JMS is Not widely used and cannot speak for the majority of us
using plain/old broker

NO webMethods Broker is not JMS Based, If it WERE, we would be able to create and publish messages on IS and any J2EE server can read these with standard code, rather than Broker java/c code which is properitery…

  1. Websphere MQ existed long before JMS came along --Correct!!
    but it has evolved along with JMS and for some time now it has been firmly JMS messaging only (not properitery messaging like wmBroker)

3)implementation does not matter, but the interface it exposes to the outside world matters , MQ exposes standard queues and topics, wmBroker does not …
in effect u can have a server written in Cobol as long as it exposes the necessary interfaces it qualifies as a JMS implementation

:slight_smile: just jokin about the cobol part, BTW all JMS servers I know are written in JAVA, but in my opinion can be written in other langs

This is exactly I mean when I say Interoperable, that you can have a integration framework , in which u can write a message which can be pushed to different JMS servers without learning how to send them messages, can we do this with wmBroker NOPE

Or that you can plug in MQ in place of wmBroker, make some config changes and everything chugs along smoothly

I didnt mean JMS can talk to another JMS or wmBroker, they are not meant to be that way.

I dont in anyway mean wmBroker is bad or anything,
wmBroker is one of the robust messaging backbones in the industry for some time now, but its not open standard, this is a tradeoff I can live with
But we dont want open standard just for the sake of it,

If wm wants to move to BrokerJMS , which I believe they are not keen about , given their success with Broker

Guys pitch in with facts if you believe BrokerJMS is being widely used or is in par with wmBroker-Plain

I never said Broker is “JMS-based.” I’d never say that about anything. I said it is a JMS provider. It has been since version 6. From the webMethods JMS Provider Programmer’s Guide, v6.0.1:



The ubiquity of its use has nothing to do with whether or not Broker is a JMS provider. Yes, most IS interaction with Broker (all in most places) will be via the proprietary API. But this is a characteristic of IS, not Broker. Broker is a JMS provider–IS just doesn’t use that interface (except through its JMS adapter).

You’re right that using pub.publish:publish cannot do this, as it uses the proprietary Broker interface, not a JMS interface. Again, this is an IS implementation issue and does not impact the “JMS-ness” of Broker.

But Broker can be used as a JMS provider in any J2EE server. Is there documentation that leads you to conclude otherwise? You can use IS and the JMS adapter to create and publish messages via the JMS interface of Broker and any J2EE server can read these with the JMS interface (if they are configured to use Broker as their JMS provider).

This is simply incorrect. WebSphere MQ supports more than just JMS, which is only an API. MQ supports more APIs than just JMS. From http://www.devx.com/ibm/Article/31997

“WebSphere MQ natively uses the Message Queue Interface (MQI) as its native programming interface.”

MQ supports standard and proprietary APIs. And its implementation is as proprietary as wM Broker.

Correct, implementation does not matter (so we agree that both wM Broker and MQ are proprietary implementation?). wM Broker exposes queues and topics via the JMS interface. Do you have documentation to the contrary?

The JMS interface of wM Broker is written in Java, and it interacts with a messaging implementation written in C (the core language of Broker). I believe the same holds true for MQ–the interface is Java, the core messaging engine is C, but I’m not 100% sure about that.

Using the JMS interface of Broker, you can do exactly this.

Which can be done (although it may involve a bit more than just config changes, in practice), if only the JMS interface is being used. If one uses the “native” facilities IS exposes to interact with Broker, then wM Broker must be used. If IS used only the JMS interface, then there would be no reason one couldn’t use MQ, or Sonic or any other JMS provider.

Indeed, if as an integration architect/developer you choose to use only the JMS adapter within IS (and avoid pub.publish:publish and the like), then you can use any JMS provider you want–wM Broker, MQ, Sonic MQ, Fiorano MQ,etc.

It has indeed been solid for the most part. But it is open via the JMS interface it exposes and is open in exactly the same way as WS MQ.

To make sure I’m clear about my points:

  • Broker supports multiple APIs. JMS is one of them.
  • MQ supports multiple APIs. JMS is one of them.
  • Broker is a full-fledged JMS provider.
  • MQ is a full-fledged JMS provider.
  • IS does NOT use the JMS interface for the pub/sub facilities found in WmPublic/publish.
  • IS has a JMS adapter that can interact with any JMS provider, including Broker.

To summarize and reiterate: wM Broker is as open and as proprietary and WebSphere MQ. They are about as equivalent as you can get (platform support aside–MQ is far more diverse than anything else out there).

If there are any docs that correct anything I may have gotten wrong. someone please post them.

Or are you thinking “BrokerJMS” is a separate and distinct product from webMethods Broker?

Three quick points:

  • Given the huge MQ Series install base, I would imagine that there a massive number of legacy apps using the native MQ Series APIs and a much smaller number using the newer JMS APIs. To suggest that all of those legacy apps have been rewritten to JMS in the last 4-5 years is, uh, unreasonable. I don’t know of any JMS providers that deliver enterprise-class performance that are written in pure java. APIs yes, providers no.
  • I have successfully used BrokerJMS as the JMS provider in both Websphere and Weblogic. Neither of those app servers needed anything other than the jars and a config file to be placed in the classpath of the app server in order to use BrokerJMS as a JMS provider. The same would be true for any JMS provider other than the low-end ones provided by the app server vendors.
  • IS 7.1 makes JMS much more native to IS than before. It is no longer necessary to use the IS JMS Adapter to subcribe to or publish JMS messages. The pub.jms folder contains a dozen or so new built-in services that allow IS to interact (pub/sub/reply) with any supported JMS provider. New JMS triggers can subcribe to JMS destinations (topics/queues) to invoke Flow or java services in the same manner as previous triggers (now called Broker / Local triggers)

Additional discussion on the new JMS triggers can be found in the JMS Client Developer’s Guide. Additional discussion on Broker/Local triggers can be found in the Publish/Subscribe Developer’s Guide.


Hi All,

Here i have some design below. Can anyone guide me how to imlement using WebMethod.
I am very new to webMethod however i have used Apache ServiceMix(ESB).

Design Description.

  1. We need a scheduler(Inside WebMethods) which will pick data from a Microsoft Application in XML format in Regular Interval.

  2. After getting this XML data we want to parse it (Is that possible inside webMethod to work on message).

  3. After parsing the data i want to send it to another Database.

MSAPP -> WebMethods(Scheduler + Processing on Message) -> JDBC Adaptor – DB
(Inside Broker)

Plesae see the attached design. Is that possible using webMethods please (Its humble request help me on this desing in context of WebMethods). Which component i need to use to imlement this design using WebMethods.


A Shah