SAP Get IDoc number via transid and get IDoc status via IDoc number

Hi webMethodists,

I have noticed users looking for a way to get

a) idoc number via transaction id
b) idoc status via idoc number

Here is what I do:

a1) create a new remote-enabled function module in SE37:

FUNCTION Z_GET_RELATIONS.
*"----------------------------------------------------------------------
"“Local interface:
*” IMPORTING
*" VALUE(OBJKEY) TYPE SWO_TYPEID
*" VALUE(OBJTYPE) TYPE SWO_OBJTYP
*" VALUE(RELATIONTYPE) LIKE BRELTYP-RELTYPE OPTIONAL
*" EXPORTING
*" VALUE(RETURN_CODE) TYPE FUNKTION
*" TABLES
*" LINKS STRUCTURE RELGRAPHLK
*"----------------------------------------------------------------------

data: object1 like borident,
S_OWN_LOGSYSTEM LIKE TBDLS-LOGSYS.

CALL FUNCTION ‘OWN_LOGICAL_SYSTEM_GET’
IMPORTING
OWN_LOGICAL_SYSTEM = S_OWN_LOGSYSTEM
EXCEPTIONS
OWN_LOGICAL_SYSTEM_NOT_DEFINED = 1
OTHERS = 2.
RETURN_CODE = SY-SUBRC.
CHECK RETURN_CODE = 0.

clear object1.
object1-objkey = objkey.
object1-objtype = objtype.
object1-logsys = s_own_logsystem.

CALL FUNCTION ‘SREL_GET_NEXT_RELATIONS’
EXPORTING
OBJECT = object1

  • ROLETYPE =
    RELATIONTYPE = relationtype
  • MAX_HOPS = 1
  • INCL_APPLRELS = ’ ’
  • EXCL_ROLES =
  • EXCL_RELATIONS =
    TABLES
    LINKS = links
  • ROLES =
  • APPLLINKS =
    EXCEPTIONS
    OTHERS = 4.
    RETURN_CODE = SY-SUBRC.

ENDFUNCTION.

a2) Create a flow service z_get_relations via the RFC lookup function in the browser Administration tool

a3) Use the new service in your own flows, OBJKEY = transaction id, OBJTYPE = “TRANSID”, RELATIONTYPE = “IDC8”.
The IDoc number is returned in LINKS-OBJKEY_A.

For other purposes you might want to try running the service with OBJKEY = idoc number (must have all 16 digits), OBJTYPE = “IDOC” and for starters no RELATIONTYPE. Look at the records returned in LINKS. You might find other interesting relation types. To use a specific relation type in your flows set RELATIONTYPE to the LINKS-RELTYPE of the record (relation) you are looking for.

b) To get current IDoc status and message create this remote-enabled function module in SE37:

FUNCTION Z_GET_IDOC_STATUS_TEXT.
*"----------------------------------------------------------------------
"“Local interface:
*” IMPORTING
*" VALUE(IDOC_NUMBER) LIKE EDIDC-DOCNUM
*" EXPORTING
*" VALUE(IDOC_STATUS) LIKE EDIDC-STATUS
*" VALUE(IDOC_MESSAGE) LIKE BDIDOCATTR-MESSAGE
*"----------------------------------------------------------------------

  • This function module returns last (current) status and corresponding

  • message of an IDoc.

  • The following select also exists as func.mod GET_STATUS_FROM_IDOCNR,

  • but here we just do a direct select.
    SELECT SINGLE STATUS FROM EDIDC INTO IDOC_STATUS
    WHERE DOCNUM = IDOC_NUMBER.

  • If IDOC_GET_MESSAGE_ATTRIBUTE had been RFC enabled it would not be

  • necessary to create Z_IDOC_STATUS_TEXT. An other option is to find the

  • status message via IDOC_READ_COMPLETELY, but this would generate a lot

  • more RFC

I forgot to mention two things:

  1. Only newer SAP systems (4.5+ I think…) have the function module SREL_GET_NEXT_RELATIONS that I use in z_get_relations. In 4.0b you can use SWW_WI_READ_CONTAINERS_OF_OBJ ( no need for a z_get_relations ) which is somewhat similar to SREL_GET_NEXT_RELATIONS in 4.6. It (SWW_…) also exists in 4.6, but I am not sure if it still works. For 3.1 systems I do not know.

  2. Be sure to drop $tid from the pipeline before calling any RFCs. I have experienced that the calls are simply ignored ( no error message ) if $tid is present.

Regards

Mikael

Mikael,

I too have noted the same thing! I thought I was crazy… and I can’t believe that the $tid is coming into play and causing the calls to be ignored. Anyone know why this is the case?

Now, as a rule, I drop the $tid when calling a RFC.

BTW, thanks for posting this IDOC Status check.

Thanks,

ajandja

hi Mikael,

Using this function Z_GET_RELATIONS im getting this error:

2004-12-13 09:20:45 BRST com.sap.mw.jco.JCO$Exception: (104) RFC_ERROR_SYSTEM_FAILURE: Time limit exceeded

can ya help me?

srry about my english, im from Brazil, and im learning it

Hi Mikael,

Thank you for the program.

I have implemented this in our dev system.

This is actually not returning desired results. I suspect something missing on the SAP side. Not able to see any relations except IDC0.

I am testing this against an outbound idoc (SAP to wM).

I tested with OBJKEY= IDOC number
OBJTYPE=IDOC.

Thank you
Sridhar

Hi Mikael,

Thank you for the program.

I have implemented this in our dev system.

This is actually not returning desired results. I suspect something missing on the SAP side. Not able to see any relations except IDC0.

I am testing this against an outbound idoc (SAP to wM).

I tested with OBJKEY= IDOC number
OBJTYPE=IDOC.

Thank you
Sridhar

As some of you were puzzled by this: if you leave $tid in the pipeline before calling an RFC, then the SAP Adapter calls this function module via tRFC (transactional RFC) instead of via synchronous RFC… And as a tRFC has no response, it “appears” as if it is simply ignored without error…
But in fact it has been executed successfully in the SAP system. Only the SAP system doesn’t send any response back, cause it’s an asynchronous call… :slight_smile:

Solution: either drop $tid, or use the Service “pub.sap.client:invoke” (instead of RFC:OutboundProcess or sap.map: outbound, etc.). The “invoke” Service always makes a “synchronous” RFC call.

Here another update on this topic:

the mechanism and sample code provided by mikael works only up to (and including) SAP_BASIS 6.20. Starting with SAP_BASIS 6.40 the ALE team changed the way the TID and the IDoc DOCNUM are linked: the “SREL” relations are no longer used.
This is probably what sridharrt observed above… :frowning:

Starting with SAP_BASIS 7.00 ALE offers a different API for linking the TID and the DOCNUM:

INBOUND_IDOCS_FOR_TID
OUTBOUND_IDOCS_FOR_TID

Both of them are remoted enabled, so can be called from wM.

Now what do we do, if we are on SAP_BASIS 6.40?! (I think SAP ERP 4.7 is using that Basis release. ECC 6.0 should already be on Basis 7.00.) Well, the answer is: there is no solution…

You could download a free 7.00 MiniSAP system from SDN, install it somewhere, look at the source code of the above two function modules and create similar function modules in 6.40. This would work.

Lanzelot

OK, I did it for your convenience:

function inbound_idocs_for_tid.
*"----------------------------------------------------------------------
"“Lokale Schnittstelle:
*” IMPORTING
*" VALUE(TID) TYPE EDIDS-TID
*" CHANGING
*" VALUE(I_DOCNUM) TYPE IDOC_TT
*" EXCEPTIONS
*" NO_IDOC_FOUND
*"----------------------------------------------------------------------

data: wa_docnum like edidc-docnum.
select docnum from edids into wa_docnum
where ( status eq ‘50’
or status eq ‘56’ )
and tid eq tid.
append wa_docnum to i_docnum.
endselect.
if sy-subrc ne 0.
raise no_idoc_found.
endif.

endfunction.

function outbound_idocs_for_tid.
*"----------------------------------------------------------------------
"“Lokale Schnittstelle:
*” IMPORTING
*" VALUE(TID) TYPE EDIDS-TID
*" CHANGING
*" VALUE(I_DOCNUM) TYPE IDOC_TT
*" EXCEPTIONS
*" NO_IDOC_FOUND
*"----------------------------------------------------------------------
data: wa_docnum like edidc-docnum.
select docnum from edids into wa_docnum
where status eq ‘03’ and tid eq tid.
append wa_docnum to i_docnum.
endselect.
if sy-subrc ne 0.
raise no_idoc_found.
endif.

endfunction.