What are the different type of connections in JDBC ?

What are the different types of connections in JDBC ?


You can create only one type of connection in jdbc :

connection type : JDBC Adapter Connection

above just connects to jdbc adapter

Deepthi Patala

Hi Deepthi,
Aren’t transaction types are same as Connection types?


If you are talking about JDBC Driver Types:

Types of JDBC drivers

This topic defines the Java™ Database Connectivity (JDBC) driver types. Driver types are used to categorize the technology used to connect to the database. A JDBC driver vendor uses these types to describe how their product operates. Some JDBC driver types are better suited for some applications than others.

Type 1

Type 1 drivers are “bridge” drivers. They use another technology such as Open Database Connectivity (ODBC) to communicate with a database. This is an advantage because ODBC drivers exist for many Relational Database Management System (RDBMS) platforms. The Java Native Interface (JNI) is used to call ODBC functions from the JDBC driver.

A Type 1 driver needs to have the bridge driver installed and configured before JDBC can be used with it. This can be a serious drawback for a production application. Type 1 drivers cannot be used in an applet since applets cannot load native code.

Type 2

Type 2 drivers use a native API to communicate with a database system. Java native methods are used to invoke the API functions that perform database operations. Type 2 drivers are generally faster than Type 1 drivers.

Type 2 drivers need native binary code installed and configured to work. A Type 2 driver also uses the JNI. You cannot use a Type 2 driver in an applet since applets cannot load native code. A Type 2 JDBC driver may require some Database Management System (DBMS) networking software to be installed.

The Developer Kit for Java JDBC driver is a Type 2 JDBC driver.

Type 3

These drivers use a networking protocol and middleware to communicate with a server. The server then translates the protocol to DBMS function calls specific to DBMS.

Type 3 JDBC drivers are the most flexible JDBC solution because they do not require any native binary code on the client. A Type 3 driver does not need any client installation.

Type 4

A Type 4 driver uses Java to implement a DBMS vendor networking protocol. Since the protocols are usually proprietary, DBMS vendors are generally the only companies providing a Type 4 JDBC driver.

Type 4 drivers are all Java drivers. This means that there is no client installation or configuration. However, a Type 4 driver may not be suitable for some applications if the underlying protocol does not handle issues such as security and network connectivity well.